Visions du Réel will celebrate the legendary Italian director, screenwriter and producer Marco Bellocchio by giving him the Festival’s Honorary Award.
The homage will include a Masterclass and a retrospective of selected works of one the most significant oeuvres in contemporary filmmaking. Furthermore, his new documentary Marx can wait (Marx può aspettare), as yet unreleased in Switzerland, will be screened. The prize will be awarded during the 53rd edition of the Festival, which will take place from 7 to 17 April 2022. Once again, the Cinémathèque suisse and ECAL (Lausanne University of Art and Design) are the valued partners of this invitation.
Born in Bobbio in northern Italy on the eve of the Second World War, Marco Bellocchio studied at the Academy of Dramatic Art in Milan and at Rome’s renown Experimental Cinematography Centre. In 1965, he directed his first feature-length film, Fists in the Pocket (I pugni in tasca, 1965). It was a manifesto of a young generation in rebellion, shot in his family home and played by school friends, which began a raging and lyrical body of work that was to be immediately noticed by critics – who saw it as an Italian response to the French New Wave.
A political, committed and anti-fascist filmmaker, Bellocchio has constantly questioned the violence of institutions, particularly the Family with his first film or with China Is Near (La Cina è vicina, 1967), the Church with In the Name of the Father (Nel nome del padre, 1971) or My Mother’s Smile (L’ora di religione: il sorriso di mia madre, 2002), the Army with Victory March (Marcia trionfale, 1976) or Health with his documentary Fit to Be Untied (Matti da slegare, 1974, co-directed with Silvano Agosti, Sandro Petraglia and Stefano Rulli), shot in a psychiatric hospital in Colorno (Parma), and influenced by the anti-asylum approach advocated by the psychiatrist Franco Basaglia. Exploring Italian history – for example, with Buongiorno, notte, 2003, about the kidnapping of politician Aldo Moro by militants of the Red Brigades, or Vincere, 2009, which tells the story of Mussolini’s hidden mistress – Bellocchio successfully interweaves televisual and cinematographical archives with fiction in an unprecedented and remarkable manner.
Throughout his career, the filmmaker has over 50 films to his credit as director, constantly alternating between fiction and non-fiction, from his first documentary Il popolo calabrese ha rialzato la testa (1969) to the last to date, Marx può aspettare, via La macchina cinema (1978) – a state of play? of cinema in five episodes co-directed with the same filmmakers as Matti da slegare –, shaping the codes of non-fiction and further widening his creative spectrum with each project.
He has presented his films at the most important festivals, and particularly at Cannes, for instance A Leap in the Dark (Salto nel vuoto, 1980), for which both Michel Piccoli and Anouk Aimée won acting prizes, or Devil in the Flesh (Diavolo in corpo, 1986), whose powerfully erotic dimension caused a scandal. He was also awarded an Honorary Palme d’Or in Cannes in 2021 for his essential body of work in contemporary filmmaking while, at the same time, his latest film was screened: a documentary dealing with the painful subject of his twin brother’s suicide in 1967, Marx can wait (Marx può aspettare). Eminently intimate and heartrending, this latest opus highlights the profound and spectral influence of this insurmountable event and, more generally, that of his family, over fifty years of a singular and impressive career, with its endlessly renewed aesthetic ambition.
Visions du Réel is extremely happy and delighted to pay tribute to an indisputable master of contemporary filmmaking, as well as to a body of work which, from the very first films, has demonstrated dazzling modernity, and is brooding, subversive and audacious, formidably eclectic. Marco Bellocchio exercises impressive liberty to combine registers of images and genres, moving between fiction and documentary, between the intimate and the collective.
- Marx può aspettare (Marx Can Wait), 2021
- Se posso permettermi, 2021
- Il traditore (The Traitor), 2019
- La lotta, 2018
- Per una rosa (All For A Rose), 2017
- Pagliacci, 2016
- Fai bei sogni (Sweet Dreams), 2016
- Sangue del mio sangue (Blood Of My Blood), 2015
- Bella addormentata (Dormant Beauty), 2012
- Sorelle mai, 2010
- Vincere, 2009
- Sorelle, 2007
- Materia e visione, 2006
- Il regista di matrimoni (The Wedding Director), 2006
- Buongiorno, notte (Good Morning, Night), 2003
- Oggi e una bella giornata, 2002
- Appunti per un film su Zio Vania (Notes For A Film On Uncle Vanya), 2002
- Addio del passato, 2002
- La Primavera del 2002, l’Italia protesta, l’Italia si ferma, 2002
- L’ora di religione: Il sorriso di mia madre (My Mother’s Smile), 2002
- Il maestro di coro, 2001
- L’affresco, 2000
- Un filo di passione, 2000
- Nina, 1999
- La balia (The Nanny), 1999
- Elena, 1997
- Il principe di Homburg (The Prince Of Homburg), 1997
- Sogni infranti, ragionamenti e deliri, 1995
- Roma dodici novembre 1994, 1995
- Il sogno della farfalla (The Butterfly’s Dream), 1994
- L’uomo dal fiore in bocca, 1993
- La condanna (The Conviction), 1991
- La visione del sabba (The Witches’ Sabbath), 1988
- Diavolo in corpo (Devil In the Flesh), 1986
- Enrico IV (Henry IV), 1984
- Gli occhi, la bocca (The Eyes, The Mouth), 1982
- Vacanze in Val Trebbia (Vacation In Val Trebbia), 1980
- Salto nel vuoto (A Leap In The Dark), 1980
- La macchina cinema, 1978
- Il gabbiano (The Seagull), 1977
- Marcia trionfale (Victory March), 1976
- Matti da slegare (Fit To Be United), 1975
- Sbatti il mostro in prima pagina (Slap The Monster On Page One), 1972
- Nel nome del padre (In The Name Of The Father), 1971
- Viva il primo maggio rosso e proletario, 1969
- Il popolo calabrese ha rialzato la testa, 1969
- Discutiamo, discutiamo, 1969
- La Cina è vicina (China Is Near), 1967
- I pugni in tasca (Fists In The Pocket), 1965
- Ginepro fatto uomo, 1962
- La colpa e la pena, 1961